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COVID Science Publications

COVID-19 Research and Evidence Summary Reports

Balmforth, H., Beers, H., Bourne, N., Cao, R., Cheung, C., Clarke, S., Collinge, W., Cooper, G., Corbett, E., Davies, K., Hartwig, A., Johnson, S., Li, L., Ling, D., Liu, C., Kaltango, A.Y., Kirkham, R., Manu, P., Thurlbeck, S., van Tongeren, M., Weightman, A. and Yuan, P. Keeping the UK building safely: a scoping study. PROTECT COVID-19 National Core Study on Transmission and Environment, 2021. (PROTECT-01)

Coleman, A., Gartland, N., Fishwick, D., Johnson, S. and van Tongeren, M. Perceptions of transmission and mitigation of SARS-CoV-2: public transport. Theme 3 WP1 deep dives. PROTECT COVID-19 National Core Study on Transmission and Environment, 2022. (PROTECT-02)

HSE Workplace Health Expert Committee (WHEC) SARS-CoV-2: testing and the workplace: rapid review to 16th February 2021. HSE, 2021.

Pauwels, S., Boets, I., Polli, A., Mylle, G., de Raeve, H., Godderis, L. Return to work after long COVID: evidence at 8th March 2021. HSE, 2021. (ER003)

Personal protective equipment selection for healthcare settings: COVID-19 evidence review to March 2020. HSE, 2020 (ER001)

Re-use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) during the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Pandemic: Evidence Summary to August 2020. HSE, 2022 (ER004)

SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) transmission in meat processing factories: evidence summary to 27 July 2020. HSE, 2021. (ER002)

Journal Papers

Chen Y, Atchison C, Atkinson B, Barber C, Bennett A, Brickley E, Cooke J, Dabrera G, Fishwick D, Fletcher T, Graham A, Higgins H, Keen C, Morgan D, Uk Covid-19 National Core Studies Consortium, Noakes C, Pearce N, Raja A, Sandys V, Stocks J, Van Tongeren M, Van Veldhoven K, Verma A and Curran A (2021) The COVID-OUT study protocol: COVID-19 outbreak investigation to understand workplace SARS-CoV-2 transmission in the United Kingdom. Wellcome Open Research, 6 201,

Coldrick S, Kelsey A, Ivings M, Foat T, Parker S, Noakes C, Bennett A, Rickard H and Moore G (2022) Modeling and experimental study of dispersion and deposition of respiratory emissions with implications for disease transmission. Indoor Air, 32 (2), e13000

Gartland N, Coleman A, Fishwick D, Johnson S, Armitage C and Van Tongeren M (2022) Experiences, perceptions of risk, and lasting impacts of COVID-19 for employees in the public transport sector. Annals of Work Exposures and Health

Overton C, Abbey R, Baird T, Christie R, Daniel O, Day J, Gittins M, Jones O, Paton R, Tang M, Ward T, Wilkinson J, Woodrow-Hill C, Aldridge T and Chen Y, (2023) Quantifying the risk of workplace COVID-19 clusters in terms of commuter, workplace, and population characteristics. arXiv, 2305.08745. (preprint)

Raja A, Van Veldhoven K, Ewuzie A, Frost G, Sandys V, Atkinson B, Nicholls I, Graham A, Higgins A, Coldwell M, Simpson A, Cooke J, Bennett A, Barber C, Morgan D, Atchison C, Keen C, Fletcher T, Pearce N, Brickley E and Chen Y (2022) Investigation of a SARS-CoV-2 outbreak at an automotive manufacturing site in England. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (11), 6400

Rutter H, Parker S, Stahl-Timmins W, Noakes C, Smyth A, Macbeth R, Fitzgerald S and Freeman A (2021) Visualising SARS-CoV-2 transmission routes and mitigations. BMJ 375 e065312

Stettler M, et al including Coldrick, S. (2022) Source terms for benchmarking models of SARS-CoV-2 transmission via aerosols and droplets. Royal Society Open Science, 9 212022

Conference Publications

Chen Y, Keen C, Sandys V, Simpson A and Covid-19 UK National Core Studies Consortium (2021) S-306 The role of environmental assessment in workplace COVID-19 outbreak investigation to understand SARS-CoV-2 transmission. Occupational & Environmental Medicine,78, Suppl 1: 28th International Symposium on Epidemiology in Occupational Health (EPIOCH 2021) Oct 2021, A158

Sandys V, Keen C, Simpson A, Coldwell M, Atkinson B and Chen Y (2022) The implementation of environmental risk controls at worksites experiencing COVID-19 outbreaks - UK COVID-19 National Core Studies Consortium. Safety and Health at Work: Supp Abstract of the 33rd International Congress on Occupational Health 2022 (IOCH 2022) 6-10 February 2022 S173-S174

Trade and Professional Publications

Freeman A, Parker S, Noakes C, Fitzgerald S, Smyth A, Macbeth R, Spiegelhalter D and Rutter H (2021) Expert elicitation on the relative importance of possible SARS-CoV-2 transmission routes and the effectiveness of mitigationsBMJ Open, 11 (12), e050869,
Visualisation here:

Higgins A (2020) Adaptation of evaluation in a COVID-19 world: challenges and opportinities for government analysts. The Evaluator, (Summer 2020), 32-33

Sandys V (2022) Occupational hygienists play a key role in COVID-19 research. Exposure Magazine, 18

Smith P, Curran A and Davis L (2021) Lessons from COVID-19 for the next pandemic: we need better data on workplace transmission. The Conversation


Protect COVID-19 National Core Study

The PROTECT COVID-19 National Core Study on transmission and environment is a UK-wide research programme improving our understanding of how SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes COVID-19) is transmitted from person to person, and how this varies in different settings and environments. Led by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE)'s Chief Scientific Adviser, this critical work is being delivered by more than 70 researchers from 16 institutions across the UK. To see a full list of publications from this study, check the PROTECT COVID-19 National Core Study website.


HSE's Chief Scientific Adviser, Professor Andrew Curran, is a participant in of SAGE (Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies) and co-chair of the Environmental Modelling Group (SAGE-EMG). For papers prepared by the EMG please check the GOV.UK website






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