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Methods for the Determination of Hazardous Substances (MDHS)

Revision History

The table below contains a complete listing of the Methods for the Determination of Hazardous Substances (MDHS) series, with revision dates.

MDHS errata and supplementary Information

Current methods are provided online by HSE (PDF format). Please visit www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/mdhs/index.htm for the latest information.

-

Title

Revision Date

ISBN

1

Acrylonitrile in Air.
Laboratory method using pumped charcoal adsorption tubes and gas chromatography.

Mar 1981
May 1986
Feb 1993
replaced by MDHS 96

0-11-885646-4
0-7176-0270-2
0-11-882113-X

2

Acrylonitrile in air.
Laboratory method using porous polymer adsorption tubes and thermal desorption with gas chromatographic analysis.

Mar 1981
Dec 1985
Dec 1985 reprint
replaced by MDHS 72

0-7176-0256-7
0-7176-0256-7
0-11-885642-1

3

Generation of test atmospheres of organic vapours by the syringe injection technique.
Portable apparatus for laboratory and field use.

Sep 1984
May 1990
May 1990 reprint

0-7176-0228-1
0-7176-0228-1
0-11-885632-4

4

Generation of test atmospheres of organic vapours by the permeation tube method.
Apparatus for laboratory use.

Apr 1981
May 1986
May 1986 reprint

0-7176-0271-0
0-7176-0271-0
0-11-885647-2

5

On-site validation of sampling methods.

Mar 1987
out of print: replaced by MDHS 27, 54

0-7176-0288-5

6/3

Lead and inorganic compounds of lead in air.
Laboratory method using flame or electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry.

May 1981
Apr 1987
Aug 1994 (6/2)
Mar 1998 (6/3)

0-11-885913-7
0-7176-0289-3
0-7176-0803-4
0-7176-1517-0

7

Lead and inorganic compounds of lead in air.
Laboratory method using X-ray fluorescence spectrometry.

May 1987
May 1987 reprint
withdrawn
replaced by MDHS 91

0-7176-0290-7
0-11-885914-5

8

Lead and inorganic compounds of lead in air.
Colorimetric field method using sym-diphenylthiocarbazone (dithizone).

May 1981
May 1987
withdrawn

unknown
0-7176-0291-5

9

Tetra alkyl lead compounds in air.
Personal monitoring method.

Sep 1981
withdrawn

unknown

10/2

Cadmium and inorganic compounds of cadmium in air.
Laboratory method using flame atomic absorption spectrometry or electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry.

Jun 1981
Jun 1994 (10/2)

0-11-885979-X
0-7176-0676-7

11

Cadmium and inorganic compounds of cadmium in air.
Laboratory method using X-ray fluorescence spectrometry.

June 1981
withdrawn
replaced by MDHS 91

unknown

12/2

Chromium and inorganic compounds of chromium in air.
Laboratory method using flame atomic absorption spectrometry.

June 1981
May 1996 (12/2)

unknown
0-7176-1181-7

13

Chromium and inorganic compounds of chromium in air.
Laboratory method using X-ray fluorescence spectrometry.

June 1981
withdrawn
replaced by MDHS 91

unknown

14/3

General methods for sampling and gravimetric analysis of respirable and inhalable dust.

Mar 1983
May 1986
Jan 1993
Jan 1997 (14/2)
Feb 2000 (14/3)

0-7176-0142-0
0-7176-0142-0
0-11-882046-X
0-7176-01295-3
0-7176-1749-1

15

Carbon disulphide in air.
Laboratory method using charcoal adsorbent tubes, solvent desorption and gas chromatography.

Jul 1983
Dec 1987
out of print : replaced by MDHS 96

0-7176-0154-4
0-7176-0154-4

16/2

Mercury and its inorganic divalent compounds in air.
Laboratory method using Hydrar® diffusive badges or pumped sorbent tubes, acid dissolution and analysis by cold vapour atomic absorption spectrometry or cold vapour atomic fluorescence spectrometry.

Mar 1983
Apr 2002

 

 

0-7176-0110-2
0-7176-2348-3

17

Benzene in air.
Laboratory method using charcoal adsorbent tubes, solvent desorption and gas chromatography.

Mar 1983
Dec 1987
Dec 1987 reprint
out of print: replaced by MDHS 96

0-7176-0114-5
0-7176-0114-5
0-7176-1322-4

18

Tetra alkyl lead compounds in air.
Continuous on-site monitoring method using atomic absorption spectrometry.

Mar 1983
withdrawn

0-7176-0112-9

19

Formaldehyde in air.
Colorimetric field method using 4,5-dihydroxy-2,7- napthalenedisulphonic acid (chromotropic acid).

Mar 1983
Dec 1985
withdrawn
replaced by MDHS 78

0-7176-0113-7
0-7176-0113-7

20

Styrene in air.
Laboratory method using charcoal adsorbent tubes, solvent desorption and gas chromatography.

Mar 1983
Dec 1987
Feb 1993
out of print: replaced by MDHS 96

0-7176-0110-0
0-7176-0110-0
0-11-882114-8

21

Glycol ether and glycol ether acetate vapours in air.
Laboratory method using charcoal adsorbent tubes, solvent desorption and gas chromatography.

Mar 1983
Dec 1987
Dec 1987 reprint
replaced by MDHS 96

0-7176-0115-3
0-7176-0115-3
0-11-885722-3

22

Benzene in air.
Laboratory method using porous polymer adsorbent tubes, thermal desorption and gas chromatography.

Mar 1983
Mar 1990
Mar 1990 reprint
replaced by MDHS 72

0-7176-0144-7
0-7176-0348-2
1-11-885959-5

23

Glycol ether and glycol ether acetate vapours in air.
Laboratory method using Tenax sorbent tubes, thermal desorption and gas chromatography.

Apr 1983
Mar 1988
out of print: replaced by MDHS 72

0-7176-0145-5
0-7176-0305-9

24

Vinyl chloride in air.
Laboratory method using charcoal adsorbent tubes, solvent desorption and gas chromatography.

Jul 1983
Dec 1987
Dec 1987 reprint
replaced by MDHS 96

0-7176-0155-2
0-7176-0155-2
0-11-885616-2

25/3

Organic isocyanates in air.
Laboratory method using sampling either onto 1-(2-methoxyphenyl)piperazine coated glass fibre filters followed by solvent desorption or into impingers and analysis using high performance liquid chromatography.

Mar 1983
Mar 1987
Sep 1994 (25/2)
Jan 1999 (25/3)

0-7176-0143-9
0-7176-0280-X
0-7176-0750-X
0-7176-1668-1

26

Ethylene oxide in air.
Laboratory method using charcoal adsorbent tubes, solvent desorption and gas chromatography.

Jun 1983
Dec 1987
Dec 1987 reprint
replaced by MDHS 96

0-7176-0149-8
0-7176-0149-8
0-11-885723-1

27

Protocol for assessing the performance of a diffusive sampler.

Aug 1983
Jun 1987
Feb 1994

0-11-885911-0
0-7176-0287-7
0-7176-0635-X

28

Chlorinated hydrocarbon solvent vapours in air.
Laboratory method using charcoal adsorption tubes, solvent desorption and gas chromatography.

Mar 1983
Mar 1985
May 1987
May 1990
May 1990 reprint
replaced by MDHS 96

0-7176-0150-1
0-7176-0150-1
unknown
0-7176-0357-1
0-11-885968-4

29/2

Beryllium and beryllium compounds in air.
Laboratory method using flame atomic absorption spectrometry or electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry.

Dec 1988
Apr 1996 (29/2)

0-7176-0326-1
0-7176-1130-2

30/2

Cobalt and cobalt compounds in air.
Laboratory method using flame atomic absorption spectrometry.

May 1983
Apr 1996 (30/2)

0-7176-0152-8
0-7176-1128-0

31

Styrene in air.
Laboratory method using porous polymer adsorbent tubes, thermal desorption and gas chromatography.

Apr 1983
Mar 1989
out of print: replaced by MDHS 72

0-7176-0175-7
0-7176-0333-4

32

Dioctyl phthalates in air.
Laboratory method using Tenax sorbent tubes, solvent desorption and gas chromatography.

Nov 1983
Dec 1987
Dec 1987 reprint

0-7176-0176-5
0-7176-0176-5
0-11-885619-7

33/2

Sorbent tube standards.
Preparation by the syringe injection technique.

---- 1983
Dec 1987
Jan 1997

0-11-885622-7
0-7176-0188-9
0-7176-1337-2

34

Arsine in air.
Colorimetric field method using silver diethyldithiocarbamate in the presence of excess silver nitrate.

Dec 1983
withdrawn

unknown

35/2

Hydrogen fluoride and inorganic fluorides in air.
Laboratory method using an ion selective electrode or ion chromatography.

Apr 1984
May 1998 (35/2)

0-7176-0183-8
0-7176-1558-8

36

Toluene in air.
Laboratory method using pumped charcoal adsorption tubes, solvent desorption and gas chromatography.

Apr 1984
Dec 1987
Mar 1990
Mar 1990 reprint:
replaced by MDHS 96

0-7176-0207-9
0-7176-0207-9
0-7176-0349-0
0-11-885960-9

37

Quartz in respirable airborne dusts.
Laboratory method using infra-red spectroscopy (Direct method).

Apr 1984
Nov 1987
out of print
replaced by MDHS 101

0-7176-0208-7
0-7176-0208-7

38

Quartz in respirable airborne dusts.
Laboratory method using infra-red spectroscopy (KBr disc technique)

Apr 1984
Apr 1984 reprint
revision in draft

0-7176-0209-5
0-11-885629-4

39/4

Asbestos fibres in air.
Sampling and evaluation by Phase Contrast Microscopy (PCM) under the Control of Asbestos at Work Regulations

Jul 1984
Mar 1988 (39/2)
Jun 1990 (39/3)
Nov 1995 (39/4)

replaced by HSG248

0-7176-0216-8
0-7176-0300-8
0-7176-0356-3
0-7176-1113-2

40

Toluene in air.
Laboratory method using pumped porous polymer adsorbent tubes, thermal desorption and gas chromatography.

Jun 1984
Mar 1990
Mar 1990 reprint
replaced by MDHS 72

0-7176-0217-6
0-7176-0350-4
0-11-885961-7

41/2

Arsenic and inorganic compounds of arsenic (except arsine) in air.
Laboratory method using continuous flow or flow injection analysis hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry.

Sep 1984
Nov 1995 (41/2)

0-7176-0218-4
0-7176-1008-X

42/2

Nickel and inorganic compounds of nickel in air (except nickel carbonyl).
Laboratory method using flame atomic absorption spectrometry or electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry.

Jun 1984
Mar 1996 (42/2)

0-7176-0219-2
0-7176-1094-2

43

Styrene in air.
Laboratory method using porous polymer diffusive samplers, thermal desorption and gas chromatography.

Mar 1985
Jun 1990
Jun 1990 reprint
replaced by MDHS 80

0-7176-0233-8
0-7176-0351-2
0-11-885962-5

44

Styrene in air.
Laboratory method using charcoal diffusive samplers, solvent desorption and gas chromatography.

Mar 1985
Jun 1990
out of print: replaced by MDHS 88

0-7176-0234-6
0-7176-0352-0

45

Ethylene dibromide in air.
Laboratory method using pumped Tenax adsorption tubes, solvent desorption and electron capture gas chromatography.

Mar 1985
out of print: replaced by MDHS 96

0-7176-0236-2

46/2

Platinum metal and soluble platinum compounds in air.
Laboratory method using electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry or inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry.

Jul 1985
Dec 1996

0-7176-0239-7
0-7176-1306-2

47/2

Determination of rubber process dust and rubber fume (measured as cyclohexane soluble material) in air.
Laboratory method using filters, gravimetric determination and soxhlet extraction.

Dec 1987
Jun 1999

0-7176-0250-8
0-7176-2419-6

48

Newspaper print rooms: measurement of total particulates and cyclohexane soluble material in air.
Laboratory method using filters and gravimetric estimation.

Aug 1985
Dec 1987
Dec 1987 reprint
Withdrawn - June 08

0-7176-0251-6
0-7176-0251-6
0-11-885639-1

49

Aromatic isocyanates in air.
Field method using acid hydrolysis, diazotisation and coupling with N-2-aminoethyl-1-napthylamine.

Oct 1985
withdrawn
replaced by MDHS 25/3

0-7176-0245-1

50

Benzene in air.
Laboratory method using porous polymer diffusion samplers, thermal desorption and gas chromatography.

Oct 1985
Oct 1985 reprint
replaced by MDHS 80

0-7176-0253-2
0-11-885640-5

51/2

Quartz in respirable dusts.
Laboratory method using X-ray diffraction (Direct method).

Jan 1986
Mar 1988 (51/2)
replaced by MDHS 101

0-7176-0255-9
0-7176-0255-9

52/3

Hexavalent chromium in chromium plating mists.
Colorimetric field method using 1,5-diphenylcarbazide.

Jan 1986
Dec 1987
Feb 1990 (52/2)
April 1998 (52/3)

0-7176-0261-3
unknown
0-7176-0346-6
0-7176-1520-0

53/2

1,3-Butadiene in air.
Laboratory method using pumped samplers, thermal desorption and gas chromatography.

Jan 1986
Jan 1992
Aug 2003

0-7176-0262-1
0-11-885643-X
0-7176-2735-7

54

Protocol for assessing the performance of a pumped sampler for gases and vapours.

Aug 1986
Aug 1986 reprint

0-7176-0275-3
0-11-885649-9

55

Acrylonitrile in air.
Laboratory method using porous polymer diffusion samplers, thermal desorption and gas chromatography.

Jun 1986
replaced by MDHS 80

0-7176-0272-9

56/2

Hydrogen cyanide in air.
Laboratory method using an ion-selective electrode.

Jul 1987
Apr 1990 (56/2)

0-7176-0281-8
0-7176-0355-3

57

Acrylamide in air.
Laboratory method using high performance liquid chromatography after collection in an impinger containing water.

Mar 1987
Mar 1987 reprint

0-7176-0282-6
0-11-885910-2

58

 

Mercury vapour in air.
A method using diffusive samplers, qualitative on-site colorimetric analysis and quantitative cold vapour atomic absorption spectrometry in the laboratory.

Jul 1987
filter not commercially available
Withdrawn

0-7176-0292-3

59

Man-made mineral fibre.
Airborne number concentration by phase-contrast light microscopy.

Nov 1988

0-7176-0319-9

60

Mixed hydrocarbon (C3 to C10) in air.
Laboratory method using pumped porous polymer and carbon sorbent tubes, thermal desorption and gas chromatography.

Dec 1987
May 1992
out of print: replaced by MDHS 72

0-7176-0299-0
0-11-885998-6

61

Total hexavalent chromium compounds in air.
Colorimetric laboratory method using 1,5-diphenylcarbazide.

Mar 1988
out of print
revision in draft

0-7176-0302-4

62

Aromatic carboxylic acid anhydrides in air.
Laboratory method using glass-fibre filter/Tenax tube sampling and high performance liquid chromatography.

Jul 1988
Jul 1988 reprint

0-7176-0306-7
0-11-885924-2

63/2

1,3-Butadiene in air.
Laboratory method using diffusive samplers, thermal desorption and gas chromatography.

Jun 1989
Jun 1989 reprint (63)
Feb 2005 (63/2)

0-7176-0338-5
0-11-885950-1
0-7176-2898-1

64

Toluene in air.
Laboratory method using charcoal diffusive samplers, solvent desorption and gas chromatography.

Jul 1989
out of print: replaced by MDHS 88

0-7176-0341-5

65

Stone dust and mine roadway dust.

not published
withdrawn

not assigned

66

Mixed hydrocarbon (C5 to C10) in air.
Laboratory method using porous polymer diffusion sampler, thermal desorption and gas chromatography.

Nov 1989
Sep 1994
replaced by MDHS 80

0-7176-0339-3
0-7176-0867-0

67

Total (and speciated*) chromium in chromium plating mists.
Colorimetric field method using 1,5-diphenylcarbazide, after oxidation with silver(I)-catalysed peroxydisulphate.

Feb 1990
Feb 1990 reprint
withdrawn

0-7176-0344-X
0-7176-1044-6

68

Coal tar pitch volatiles: Measurement of particulates and cyclohexane soluble material in air.
Laboratory method using filters and gravimetric estimation.

Feb 1990
withdrawn

0-7176-0347-5

69

Toluene in air.
Laboratory method using charcoal diffusive samplers, solvent desorption and gas chromatography.

Mar 1990
out of print: replaced by MDHS 88

0-7176-0353-9

70

General method for sampling airborne gases and vapours.

Oct 1990
Oct 1990 reprint
Oct 1990 reprint
Oct 1990 reprint

0-7176-0362-8
0-7176-0362-8
0-11-885972-2
0-7176-0608-2

71

Analytical quality in workplace air monitoring.

Mar 1991
Mar 1991 reprint

0-7176-0366-0
0-7176-1263-5

72

Volatile organic compounds in air.
Laboratory method using pumped solid sorbent tubes, thermal desorption and gas chromatography.

Feb 1992
Mar 1993

0-11-885692-8
0-11-885692-8

73

Measurement of air change rates in factories and offices.

Jan 1992
replaced by ASTM method E 714-11

0-11-885693-6

74

n-Hexane in air.
Laboratory method using charcoal diffusive samplers, solvent desorption and gas chromatography.

Apr 1992
replaced by MDHS 88

0-11-885740-1

75

Aromatic amines in air and on surfaces.
Laboratory method using pumped acid-coated filter, desorption and liquid chromatography.

Mar 1993

0-11-886370-3

76

Cristobalite in respirable airborne dusts.
Laboratory method using X-ray diffraction (direct method).

Mar 1994
replaced by MDHS 101

0-7176-0634-1

77

Asbestos in bulk materials.
Sampling and identification by polarised light microscopy (PLM)

Jun 1994
replaced by HSG248

0-7176-0677-5

78

Formaldehyde in air.
Laboratory method using a diffusive sampler, solvent desorption and high performance liquid chromatography.

May 1994

replaced by MDHS 102

0-7176-0678-3

79

Peroxodisulphate salts in air.
Laboratory method using mobile phase ion chromatography.

Jun 1995

0-7176-0802-6

80

Volatile organic compounds in air.
Laboratory method using diffusive solid sorbent tubes, thermal desorption and gas chromatography.

Aug 1995

0-7176-0913-8

81

Dustiness of powders and materials.

Sep 1996
replaced by CEN method EN 15051

0-7176-1268-6

82

The dust lamp.
A simple tool for observing the presence of airborne particles

Mar 1997

0-7176-1362-3

83/2

Resin acids in rosin (colophony) solder flux fume.
Laboratory method using gas chromatography

Apr 1997
July 2006 (83/2)

0-7176-1363-1

84

Measurement of oil mist from mineral oil-based metalworking fluids.

Jun 1997

0-7176-1382-8

85

Triglycidyl isocyanurate (and coating powders containing triglycidyl isocyanurate) in air.
Laboratory method using pumped filter, desorption and liquid chromatography

Jun 1997

0-7176-1381-X

86

Hydrazine in air.
Laboratory method using sampling either onto acid-coated glass fibre filters followed by solvent desorption or into specially constructed impingers. Final analysis by derivatisation and HPLC.

Aug 1997

0-7176-1416-6

87

Fibres in air.
Guidance on the discrimination between fibre types in samples of airborne dust on fibres using microscopy.

Nov 1998

0-7176-1487-5

88

Volatile organic compounds in air.
Laboratory method using diffusive samplers, solvent desorption and gas chromatography

Dec 1997

0-7176-2401-3

89

Dimethyl sulphate and diethyl sulphate in air.
Laboratory method using thermal desorption, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

Mar 1998

0-7176-1540-5

90

Alkyl 2-cyanoacrylates in air.
Liquid chromatography

withdrawn

not assigned

91

Metals and metalloids in workplace air by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry.

July 1998

0-7176-1557-X

92

Azodicarbonamide in air.
Laboratory method using high performance liquid chromatography

Nov 1998

0-7176-1616-9

93

Glutaraldehyde in air.

Laboratory method using high performance liquid chromatography

Nov 1998

replaced by MDHS 102

0-7176-1618-5

94

Pesticides in air and/or on surfaces.

Methods for the sampling and analysis of pesticides in air and/or on surfaces, using pumped filters/sorbent tubes and gas chromatography.

Feb 1999

0-7176-1619-3

95/2

Measurement of personal exposure of metalworking machine operators to airborne water-mix metalworking fluids.

Elemental marker method using flame atomic absorption spectrometry or inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry.

Feb 1999



August 2003

0-7176-1669-X



0-7176-2734-9

96

Volatile organic compounds in air.

Laboratory method using pumped solid sorbent tubes, solvent desorption and gas chromatography.

March 2000

0-7176-1756-4

98/2

Hydroquinone in air.
Laboratory method using high performance liquid chromatography.

Jan 2003
July 2007 (98/2)

0-7176-2596-6

99
Metals in air by ICP-AES June 2006 -

100

Surveying, sampling and assessment of asbestos-containing materials.

July 2001

replaced by HSG 264

0-7176-2076-X

101

Crystalline silica in respirable airborne dusts.
Direct-on-filter analyses by infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction.

Feb 2005

0-7176-2897-3

102

Aldehydes in Air.

Laboratory method using high performance liquid chromatography

July 2010

 

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